Muni Forward/Transit Effectiveness Project (TEP) Environmental Review Process

Environmental Review Process: Transit Effectiveness Project (TEP)

Update: January 2016

The environmental review process provides decision-makers and the general public with an objective analysis of the immediate and long-range specific and cumulative environmental impacts of a proposed project on its surrounding physical environment. In California, environmental review is two-fold in purpose: to disclose the impacts of a project and to ensure public participation. The San Francisco Planning Department serves as the Lead Agency for compliance with the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) for most projects within San Francisco, and prepared an environmental impact report (EIR) for the Transit Effectiveness Project (TEP) between October 2011 and March 2014 in order to evaluate the environmental effects of the TEP.

The final EIR for the TEP was certified by the Planning Commission on March 27, 2014.  Since that time, the TEP components have been renamed by the SFMTA as Muni Forward.  Muni Forward also includes other related efforts that were not part of the TEP such as the Geary and Van Ness Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) projects, which have their own environmental review processes.  Muni Forward's plans to enhance safety for people walking, to create a Rapid Network, and to improve Muni reliability will be achieved with the combined implementation of two programs: service changes and transit priority projects. 

Service Changes
The service changes being implemented will reduce crowding, improve system-wide neighborhood connectivity and access to regional transit, and redirect finite public resources to where they are needed most. 

Transit Priority Projects
Transit priority projects are engineering improvements designed to address transit delay, improve reliability, and increase the safety and comfort of customers along our most heavily used routes. Stay up to date with the status of our transit priority projects

For current information on Muni Forward implementation, please visit the SFMTA Web page for the Muni Forward.

Addendum 2 to the EIR (Modified TTRP.5 at McAllister Street and Van Ness Avenue)

On March 28, 2014, the SFMTA Board of Directors (SFMTA Board) approved the modified TEP and some of the projects outlined in the EIR. For the TTRP.5, improvements on Fulton Street between 25th Avenue and 46th Avenue and on McAllister Street between Fillmore and Divisadero Streets were the only segments approved by the SFMTA Board on March 28, 2014. On July 15, 2014 the SFMTA proposed a modification to one component of the TEP, Transit Travel Time Reduction Proposal for the 515L Fulton/Fulton Limited (TTRP.5) resulting in changes to the Transit Preferential Streets Toolkit (TPS Toolkit) elements implemented on McAllister Street at the intersection of McAllister and Divisadero Streets.

In late 2014, the TEP was renamed "Muni Forward." As of April 2015, the 5 Fulton/5L Fulton Limited (TTRP.5) route has been renamed as the "5 Fulton/5R Fulton Rapid." The inbound direction for the 5 Fulton /5R Fulton Rapid route is east from La Playa and Cabrillo Streets in the Richmond District along Fulton and McAllister Street towards Downtown. The outbound direction for this route is west from the Temporary Transbay Terminal on Howard Street between Main and Beale Streets in the South of Market area (SoMa) to Market Street, McAllister, Central and Fulton Streets to La Playa in the Richmond District. The SFMTA has modified the TTRP.5 Moderate Alternative at the intersection of McAllister Street and Van Ness Avenue. Addendum 2 to the TEP EIR has been issued and is available here.

Addendum to the EIR (Modified TTRP.9)

On March 28, 2014, the SFMTA Board of Directors (SFMTA Board) approved the modified TEP and some of the projects outlined in the EIR. Only the segment of the TTRP.9 on Potrero Avenue between Alameda and Cesar Chavez Streets was approved by the SFMTA Board on March 28, 2014, and for this segment the TTRP.9 Expanded Alternative was approved. The other two segments for the TTRP.9, consisting of 11th Street between the intersection of 11th and Market Streets and the intersection of 11th and Bryant Streets, Division Street between Bryant Street and Potrero Avenue (11th Street Segment); and one on Bayshore Boulevard between Jerrold Avenue and Industrial Street (Bayshore Boulevard Segment), as proposed in the EIR were not approved as part of the SFMTA Board action in order to allow time for additional public outreach and to accommodate design changes that would incorporate input from the community. As a result of public input, the SFMTA has modified the TTRP.9 Moderate Alternative for those two segments. An Addendum to the TEP EIR has been issued and is available here.

TEP Final Environmental Impact Report

The TEP Final Environmental Impact Report (TEP FEIR) that was before the Planning Commission on March 27, 2014 consisted of the following documents:  The Draft TEP EIR, the TEP Responses to Comments, the Supplemental Service Variants Memorandum to the Planning Commission, and the Additional Memorandum to the Planning Commission.  These documents have been consolidated into the TEP FEIR and are available to review or download at the links below.

Background on the TEP

To make Muni service more convenient, reliable and attractive to existing and potential customers, the San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency (SFMTA) and the San Francisco Office of the Controller launched a detailed analysis of existing travel patterns and a comprehensive review of service options. The resultant Transit Effectiveness Project (TEP) represented the first major evaluation of transit service provision in San Francisco since the late 1970s. Although the TEP is called the Transit Effectiveness Project, the TEP is a program within SFMTA that is comprised of individual projects or categories of projects proposed for the Muni System. The TEP proposals include a series of service improvements and concurrent necessary capital investments designed to improve safety and service reliability and reduce travel time. The TEP is comprised of four major categories: service policy framework, service improvements, service-related capital projects, and travel time reduction proposals.

The proposed Service Policy Framework is a policy document consisting of objectives and actions to enable the SFMTA to effectively allocate transit resources, efficiently deliver service, improve service reliability, reduce transit travel time, and improve customer service. The Service Policy Framework also organizes Muni services into four distinct service types: Rapid Network, Local Network, Community Connectors and Specialized Services.

The proposed Service Improvements include: creating new routes, redesigning existing routes, or adding service to new streets; eliminating unproductive existing routes or route segments; changing vehicle type; changing frequency and span of service; changing the mix of local/rapid/express service; and other changes, such as new express service stops, expansion of rapid (limited-stop) service to include Sundays, and the expansion of other service with the addition of days of operation.

The proposed service-related capital projects include three categories of projects proposed as infrastructure to support service improvements: overhead wire expansion, transfer and terminal point improvements, and systemwide capital infrastructure.

The proposed travel time reduction proposals (TTRP) would implement roadway and bus stop changes to reduce delays on the transit routes in the Rapid Network. Changes include adding transit bulbs/boarding islands; replacing stop signs with traffic signals or other measures; transit stop changes including moving stops, eliminating stops and adding new stops; traffic engineering changes such as adding turn lanes, turn restrictions and transit-only lanes; and pedestrian improvements such as curb extensions and other crosswalk treatments. Collectively, these tools are called the Transit Preferential Streets toolkit (TPS toolkit).

As described above, the TEP components have been renamed as Muni Forward along with some other transit projects.


Language Version Date Contact
Addendum 2 to the EIR (Modified TTRP.5) English 6/15/15 Debra Dwyer
(415) 575-9031
Addendum to the EIR (Modified TTRP.9) English 10/6/14 Debra Dwyer
(415) 575-9031

Language Version Date Contact
TEP Final Environmental Impact Report (FEIR)

Due to the heavy use of graphics within these PDFs, it is strongly advised you download the PDF (right-click and Save target as…) and use a PDF viewer such as Adobe Acrobat to review these files rather than from within your browser.
English 3/27/2014 Debra Dwyer
(415) 575-9031

Volume 1A (Summary and Chapters 1 to 3)  (PDF - 20MB)

Volume 1B (Chapters 4 to 7)  (PDF - 10MB)

Volume 2 (Chapter 8 Responses to Comments)  (PDF - 25MB)

Volume 3 (Responses to Comments Attachments)  (PDF - 32MB)

  • Attachment A  - DEIR Comment Letters
  • Attachment B -   DEIR Public Hearing Transcript Comments
  • Attachment C – SFMTA Service Area Topographical Maps
  • Attachment D – EIR Comment Letters Received After the Close of Public Comment Period

Volume 4 (EIR Appendices)  (PDF - 76MB)

  • Appendix 1 – Notice of Preparation of an EIR and Notice of Public Scoping Meetings
  • Appendix 2  - Initial Study and Attachments (Service Route Maps and HRER)
  • Appendix 3 – List of streets from which Muni Service would be Eliminated
  • Appendix 4 – Backup documents for Noise Analysis
  • Appendix 5 – SFMTA Service Area Topographical Maps


If you have general questions regarding the environmental review for this project, please contact:

Debra Dwyer
Environmental Planner
San Francisco Planning Department
1650 Mission Street, Suite 400
San Francisco, CA 94103
(415) 575-9031 or